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Lisa Marie Presley: Cause of Death, Weight loss surgery and its complications

Daughter of Elvis Presley, Lisa Marie Presley, cause of death - weight loss surgery complication small bowel obstruction

The recent tragic Lisa Marie Presley death has yet again drawn focus on weight loss surgery and the its potential complications. The daughter of popular American Actor and Singer Elvis Presley died of a rare yet possible complication that arise out of weigh loss surgery.

Weight loss surgery, while generally safe and effective, can have potential risks and complications that individuals should be aware of.

It involves both has short-term and long term implications that alter the patience’s life. Still, it can be a very helpful option to those struggling to lose weight through traditional methods like exercise and diet.

Thus, getting a weight loss surgery is a big decision and one should have thorough information before moving ahead.

This is article is an attempt in that direction, as we will explore the topic of weight loss surgery in its totality.

We will understand what is weight loss surgery, the different types of surgery, as well as potential side effects, and considerations of the same. More importantly, we will discuss whether you can move ahead with your decision to have a weight loss surgery for yourself. All of it to help you navigate this complicated decision.

At Nourish My Lifestyle(NML), we aim to provide you with the most comprehensive insights possible into topics related to health and fitness. We aim to help you make well-informed decisions related to your health and achieve the best possible shape in the healthier manner possible.

Having said that, if you’re considering weight loss surgery for yourself, meet a specialist to help you decide if weight-loss surgery is an option for you. For now lets start with the article discussing the case of Lisa Marie Presley.

Lisa Marie Presley: Cause of Death, Complication from a weight loss Surgery

In the case of Lisa Marie Presley, her unfortunate death brought attention to the rare complication which can arise following weight loss surgery – small bowel obstruction.

What is Small Bowel Obstruction?

Small bowel obstruction occurs when there is a blockage in the small intestine, impeding the normal flow of food, fluids, and digestive enzymes. This obstruction can be caused by various factors, such as scar tissue formation, adhesions, or hernias.

In the context of weight loss surgery, small bowel obstruction can sometimes result from adhesions forming between the surgical site and the intestines, or from the internal structure of the intestines being affected by the surgical changes.

Weight loss Surgery complication of Small Bowel Obstruction

How to prevent Small Bowel Obstruction?

While small bowel obstruction is a rare complication, the case of Lisa Marie Presley highlights the importance of thorough monitoring. Healthcare professionals play a crucial role in identifying and addressing potential complications before they escalate.

It is essential for individuals considering weight loss surgery to have open and honest discussions with their healthcare team regarding their medical history, any pre-existing conditions, and the potential risks associated with the procedure.

Comprehensive Evaluation: Before Surgery

To mitigate the risk of complications like small bowel obstruction, healthcare professionals conduct comprehensive evaluations before approving individuals for weight loss surgery.

This evaluation typically involves medical examinations, tests, and consultations with specialists. The purpose is to identify any underlying medical conditions that could increase the risk of complications or influence the surgical outcome.

Lifestyle Changes after Surgery

Furthermore, it is vital for individuals to closely follow the post-surgery guidelines provided by their healthcare team. These guidelines may include dietary restrictions, regular exercise, and monitoring of any symptoms or changes that may indicate a potential complication.

By adhering to these guidelines and attending regular check-ups, individuals can minimize the risk of complications and ensure proper post-operative care.

The case of Lisa Marie Presley serves as a reminder that weight loss surgery, like any surgical procedure, carries potential risks. However, it is crucial to remember that weight loss surgery has also provided many individuals with significant health improvements and a better quality of life. The decision to undergo weight loss surgery should be made after careful consideration, thorough evaluation, and open communication with healthcare professionals.

ICD10 code for Small Bowel Obstructions: Symptoms and Treament

ICD-10, short for the International Classification of Diseases, Tenth Revision, is a sophisticated coding system employed by healthcare professionals to accurately classify and code medical diagnoses.

It serves as a standardized language that aids doctors and other medical personnel in documenting and tracking diseases and conditions. Within the ICD-10 system, specific codes are assigned to identify and classify small bowel obstruction.

Small bowel obstruction is categorized under the “K56” section in the ICD-10 system, which encompasses paralytic ileus and intestinal obstruction without hernia. The relevant codes for small bowel obstruction are as follows:

  • K56.0: Paralytic ileus This code is employed to indicate non-mechanical obstruction of the small intestine caused by paralysis or reduced motility of the bowel muscles.
  • K56.1: Intussusception Intussusception refers to the telescoping or folding of one segment of the intestine into another, leading to an obstruction. This code is specifically used when intussusception affects the small bowel.
  • K56.5: Intestinal adhesions [bands] with obstruction This code is utilized to indicate small bowel obstruction resulting from adhesions, which are bands of scar tissue that may develop following surgery or due to inflammation.
  • K56.6: Other and unspecified intestinal obstruction This code is employed when the small bowel obstruction does not fit into the previous categories or when the specific cause is unknown.

It is important to note that the appropriate ICD-10 code for small bowel obstruction may vary depending on the underlying cause and specific clinical details of the condition. Healthcare providers meticulously assess the patient’s condition to determine the most accurate code.

ICD-10 codes serve a critical role in medical documentation, billing, and research.

Detecting the symptoms of small bowel obstruction and promptly seeking medical attention are vital for an accurate diagnosis and appropriate treatment.

Small Bowel Obstruction: Symptoms

The symptoms of small bowel obstruction encompass the following manifestations:

Abdominal Pain: Severe abdominal pain characterized by sharp, cramp-like sensations is a prevalent symptom of small bowel obstruction. This pain often occurs intermittently and is accompanied by bloating and a feeling of fullness.

Vomiting: Persistent vomiting is a common indication of small bowel obstruction. The blockage hampers the normal passage of stomach contents, leading to recurrent episodes of vomiting. If the obstruction is higher up in the small intestine, the vomit may have a greenish-yellow color.

Constipation: Small bowel obstruction can result in difficulties with passing stools or infrequent bowel movements. The blockage impedes the normal movement of feces through the intestines, leading to constipation. It is akin to experiencing a traffic jam for your poop, an uncomfortable situation indeed.

Abdominal Distention: The accumulation of gas and fluid above the obstruction can cause visible swelling and distention of the abdomen. This distention gives rise to discomfort and may not be the most aesthetically pleasing appearance.

Absence of Bowel Sounds: Normally, the digestive system produces distinct rumbling and gurgling sounds. However, in cases of small bowel obstruction, these sounds become notably reduced or absent upon listening to the abdomen with a stethoscope.

Inability to Pass Gas: Small bowel obstruction can trap gas within the intestines, resulting in bloating and the inability to expel gas through the rectum. The resulting discomfort can be quite unpleasant.

Nausea and Loss of Appetite: The turmoil in the digestive system due to small bowel obstruction often leads to feelings of nausea and a reduced desire to eat. The body responds by rejecting food temporarily.

Small Bowel Obstruction: Treatment

When it comes to treatment, the approach to small bowel obstruction depends on various factors, including the underlying cause, the severity of the obstruction, and the overall health of the individual. The following treatment options are commonly considered:

Nonsurgical Treatment: In certain cases, small bowel obstruction can be resolved without resorting to surgery. Healthcare professionals may implement conservative measures such as fasting to allow the intestines to rest, administering intravenous fluids to maintain hydration, and inserting a nasogastric tube to decompress the stomach and relieve pressure on the intestines.

Surgery: Surgical intervention becomes necessary in cases where non-surgical methods fail to alleviate the obstruction. The specific surgical procedure depends on the cause and location of the blockage. It may involve the removal of adhesions, repair of hernias, untwisting of the intestine, or the excision of tumors or affected segments of the intestine. Surgeons play a vital role in rectifying the obstruction and restoring normal intestinal function.

Supportive Care: Managing symptoms and ensuring patient comfort are essential aspects of small bowel obstruction treatment. Supportive care may involve the administration of intravenous pain medications, close monitoring of vital signs, and adequate hydration.

Antibiotics: In instances where infection is present or the risk of infection arises due to compromised blood supply to the intestine, antibiotics may be prescribed to combat bacterial growth.

It is crucial to promptly seek medical attention if you suspect small bowel obstruction or experience any of the aforementioned symptoms. Early diagnosis and treatment significantly reduce the risk of complications such as bowel perforation, infection, or tissue damage. Therefore, do not hesitate to contact your healthcare provider or visit the nearest emergency department for a thorough evaluation and appropriate management. Your gastrointestinal well-being will undoubtedly appreciate the timely intervention.

Answering the Larger Question: Understanding Weight Loss Surgery

Weight loss surgery, also known as bariatric surgery, is a surgical intervention designed to assist individuals in achieving significant weight loss when traditional methods prove ineffective.

It is typically recommended for individuals with a body mass index (BMI) of 40 or higher, or those with a BMI of 35 or higher who have obesity-related medical conditions. Let’s delve into the most common types of weight loss surgery to gain a better understanding.

Types of weight loss surgery

Gastric Bypass Surgery: Redefining Digestion

Gastric bypass surgery involves two primary steps. Firstly, a small stomach pouch is created by stapling the upper section of the stomach. This restricts the amount of food the stomach can hold, leading to a feeling of fullness with smaller portions. Secondly, the small intestine is rearranged, bypassing a portion of the stomach and upper small intestine. This rerouting affects the absorption of calories and nutrients, further contributing to weight loss.

Gastric Sleeve Surgery: Reducing Stomach Size

During gastric sleeve surgery, a large portion of the stomach is surgically removed, leaving behind a smaller sleeve-shaped stomach. This reduction in stomach size limits the amount of food that can be consumed. Additionally, the surgery impacts gut hormones, which play a crucial role in regulating appetite and satiety, aiding in weight loss.

Gastric Band Surgery: Adjustable Control

Gastric band surgery involves the placement of an adjustable band around the upper part of the stomach. The band creates a small pouch, restricting the amount of food that can be consumed at one time. The band’s tightness can be adjusted to control the rate of food passage, allowing for gradual and sustained weight loss.

Weight loss Surgery: Complications and Potential Side Effects

Like any surgical procedure, weight loss surgery carries potential side effects and complications that vary in severity and duration. It is essential to be aware of these potential outcomes to make an informed decision. Let’s explore some common side effects and complications associated with weight loss surgery.


Following weight loss surgery, some individuals may experience temporary side effects as their bodies adjust to the changes. These can include nausea, vomiting, and changes in bowel habits. However, healthcare professionals will provide guidance and support to manage these side effects during the recovery period.

Long-Term Considerations before going under a Weight loss surgery

Weight loss surgery also presents long-term considerations. It may lead to nutritional deficiencies due to reduced food intake and altered nutrient absorption. Regular monitoring of nutrient levels and adherence to recommended supplementation and dietary modifications can help mitigate these deficiencies.

Gallstones, another potential complication, can develop due to rapid weight loss. Close monitoring and appropriate management by healthcare professionals can reduce the risk of gallstone-related complications.

Additionally, weight loss surgery can impact hair health, resulting in temporary hair loss known as telogen effluvium. While this condition may be distressing, it is usually self-limiting and resolves as the body adjusts to the changes.

Furthermore, it’s essential to recognize that weight loss surgery can bring about psychological changes. Individuals may experience mood swings, depression, or body image concerns. Establishing a strong support system that includes mental health professionals can provide valuable guidance throughout the journey.

Answer to your “Do I Qualify for Weight Loss Surgery” Quiz

If you are someone considering weight loss surgery for yourself, this section is highly important for you.

Weight loss surgery can be a life-changing option for someone struggling with obesity. However, it is crucial to determine whether you meet the criteria for weight loss surgery before considering it as an option.

The following information will help you explore the qualifications and assessments involved in determining your eligibility for this procedure.

Evaluating Medical Guidelines

Weight loss surgery is generally recommended for individuals with a high body mass index (BMI) and obesity-related medical conditions. The specific guidelines may vary depending on your age and overall health. Here are the common criteria used to assess eligibility:

For Adults:

  1. BMI of 40 or higher: Weight loss surgery may be an option if your BMI is 40 or higher, regardless of any obesity-related medical conditions.
  2. BMI of 35 or higher with obesity-related medical conditions: If you have a BMI of 35 or higher and are experiencing obesity-related conditions such as diabetes, obstructive sleep apnea, or risk factors for heart disease and stroke, weight loss surgery might be a suitable option.
  3. Six months of supervised weight-loss attempts: In addition to the BMI requirements, you may need to demonstrate at least six months of supervised weight-loss attempts. This period allows healthcare professionals to assess your commitment to making lifestyle changes.

For Adolescents:

Weight loss surgery can also be an option for adolescents who meet specific criteria. The guidelines for eligibility include:

  1. BMI of 40 or higher with any obesity-related medical condition.
  2. BMI of 35 or higher with a severe obesity-related medical condition.

For adolescents, growth charts specific to their age are used to determine eligibility. These charts provide information about the standard BMI range for each age group, and if an adolescent’s BMI exceeds the standard range significantly, weight loss surgery may be considered.

It’s worth noting that the severity of obesity-related illnesses and other individual factors can influence eligibility, allowing some individuals with lower BMIs to qualify for weight loss surgery.

Assessing Readiness for Weight loss Surgery by Professional

Weight loss surgery cost and criteria

Before undergoing weight loss surgery, a comprehensive evaluation is conducted by a healthcare team to determine if you are ready for the procedure. This evaluation typically involves various specialists who will examine different aspects of your health. Here’s an overview of the professionals involved and what they assess:

Primary care doctor:

Your primary care doctor will conduct a thorough medical examination to identify any unknown obesity-related conditions and determine your overall fitness for surgery. They may also test for specific problems that could potentially complicate the surgical procedure, such as sleep apnea, cardiovascular disease, kidney disease, or liver disease.

Surgeon:

The surgeon plays a key role in the evaluation process. They will explain the surgical procedure, its potential outcomes, and any risks involved. They will assess whether you meet the necessary medical criteria for weight loss surgery and address any concerns specific to your case.

Anesthesiologist:

The anesthesiologist evaluates your medical history, focusing on any factors that could affect the safe administration of anesthesia during surgery. They will determine if you have any severe heart conditions or blood clotting disorders that could pose a risk during the procedure.

Dietitian:

A registered dietitian will work closely with you to develop nutrition guidelines tailored to your specific needs. They will educate you about healthy nutrition, menu planning, and vitamin supplements. Following a recommended diet is crucial for long-term success after weight loss surgery.

Nurse specializing in weight management:

A nurse with expertise in weight management will assess your weight-loss history, including previous diet and exercise plans you’ve tried. Understanding your previous experiences with weight loss can help them guide you through the post-surgical plans effectively.

Psychologist or psychiatrist:

The psychological evaluation is essential to assess your mental health and emotional readiness for weight loss surgery. These professionals will evaluate your motivation, mental well-being, and identify any underlying mood disorders or eating disorders that may require treatment or additional support.

Other specialists:

Depending on your specific medical conditions, additional specialists may be involved in the evaluation process. These may include cardiologists, pulmonologists, endocrinologists, or other relevant healthcare professionals.

The collective expertise of the healthcare team allows for a comprehensive assessment of your overall readiness for weight loss surgery. By addressing medical, behavioral, and psychological concerns, they ensure that you have the necessary support for successful outcomes.

Preparing for Weight Loss Surgery

Weight loss surgery cost

If the healthcare team determines that weight loss surgery is a suitable option for you, they will collaborate with you to develop a personalized treatment plan. This plan will encompass various aspects of your health and lifestyle to optimize your surgical outcomes. Here are some key components of the pre-surgery preparation:

Nutrition guidelines:

Working closely with the dietitian, you will receive detailed nutrition guidelines tailored to your needs. These guidelines will include dietary changes before and after the surgery. They will also cover information about vitamin supplementation to ensure your nutritional needs are met during the weight loss journey.

Exercise plan:

A specialist, such as a nurse or occupational therapist, will help you develop an exercise plan suitable for your condition and capabilities. They will guide you through appropriate exercises, set goals, and encourage regular physical activity to complement your weight loss efforts.

Weight loss:

In some cases, you may be encouraged or required to lose a certain amount of weight before undergoing surgery. This weight loss period, achieved through a combination of diet and exercise, helps reduce the risks associated with the procedure and prepares you for post-surgical success.

Psychotherapy:

Depending on your specific circumstances, you may be required to begin talk therapy, drug treatment, or other mental health therapies. These treatments may address underlying issues such as eating disorders, depression, or other mental health conditions. The goal is to equip you with coping skills and support your emotional well-being throughout your weight loss journey.

Smoking cessation:

If you smoke, your healthcare team will strongly advise you to quit smoking before undergoing weight loss surgery. Smoking can increase the risk of complications during and after the procedure. They may provide resources or programs to support your smoking cessation efforts.

Other medical treatments:

If you have any other medical conditions, such as diabetes or high blood pressure, it’s important to follow the recommended treatments for those conditions alongside weight loss surgery. Effective management of coexisting medical issues contributes to better overall health outcomes.

These requirements and preparations aim to optimize your weight loss surgery experience and improve long-term success. Adhering to these plans demonstrates your commitment and readiness to embrace the necessary lifestyle changes for sustained weight loss.

How much does the weight loss surgery costs?

Weight loss surgery costs can vary, and insurance coverage may play a significant role in determining your financial obligations. To have the procedure covered by insurance, your healthcare team will work to demonstrate that weight loss surgery is medically necessary in your case. This involves providing documented evidence of your previous attempts at supervised diet and exercise programs that did not yield sufficient weight loss. Medicare and some Medicaid programs may also cover the costs of weight loss surgery.

It is essential to research your insurance coverage and understand the potential out-of-pocket costs associated with weight loss surgery. Additionally, many hospitals provide services to help you explore different financing options if needed.

Conclusion: Making an Informed Decision

The decision to undergo weight loss surgery is significant and should be made after careful consideration. The evaluation process performed by the healthcare team is designed to ensure you are informed and prepared.

By assessing your medical, behavioral, and psychological readiness, they guide you towards making the best decision for your health and well-being. Ultimately, weight loss surgery requires a lifelong commitment to a new nutrition and exercise program, and the team’s goal is to help you achieve the best possible outcomes on your weight loss journey.

Understanding weight loss surgery is essential for making informed decisions about your health. By exploring the various types of weight loss surgery, potential side effects, and the case of Lisa Marie Presley, we hope to provide you with a comprehensive understanding of this procedure.

Remember, weight loss surgery should be approached with careful consideration, extensive evaluation, and ongoing support from healthcare professionals to ensure the best possible outcomes for your health and well-being.